CESIUM HYDROXIDE CsOH

Properties of cesium hydroxide CsOH:

White, melts without decomposition, volatile. Readily soluble in water with a strong exo effect, creates a highly alkaline environment. Exhibits the properties of basic hydroxides (refers to alkali), neutralized by acid, reacts with acidic oxides, oxygen and ozone.

 

Obtaining cesium hydroxide CsOH:

2 Cs + 2 H2O = 2 CsOH + H2↑.

4 Cs + O2 + 2 H2O = 4 CsOH.

Cs2O + H2O = 2 CsOH. 

Cs2CO3 + Ca(OH)2 (saturated) = 2 CsOH + CaCO3↓. 

Cs2SO4 + BaE2 = BaSO4↓ + 2CsE, (E = Cl-, OH-). 

2 CsCl + 2 H2O → (Electrolysis) H2↑(cathode) + Cl2↑(anode) + 2 CsOH.

 

Сhemical reactions with cesium hydroxide CsOH:

CsOH x H2O = CsOH + H2O (300°C, in flow of H2).

CsOH (diluted) + 6H2O = [Cs(H2O)6]+ + OH-. 

CsOH + HCl (diluted) = CsCl + H2O. 

2 CsOH + H2SO4 (diluted) = Cs2SO4 + 2 H2O.

CsOH + HNO3 (diluted) = CsNO3 + H2O. 

4 CsOH(liquid) + 3O2 = 4 CsO2 + 2 H2O (400°C). 

4 CsOH + 4O3 = 4 CsO3 + O2 + 2H2O (20°C). 

2 CsOH(conc.) + CO2 = Cs2CO3 + H2O.

4 CsOH(liquid) → (Electrolysis) 4Cs(cathode) + O2↑(anode) + 2H2O.

 

 

Did you know?

Noble gases have 8 valence shell electrons, except helium with 2 electrons.